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Dovrefjell is a mountain range in central Norway that forms a natural barrier between Eastern Norway and Trøndelag, the area around Trondheim. As a result, it has been heavily trafficked during and probably preceding historical times. Several mountain inns were established in the Middle Ages to house pilgrims traveling to Trondheim, and there are even ruins of an old leper colony in the northern area of it.
The main south-north highway (E6) and railway Dovrebanen in Norway runs over Dovrefjell. The highway is a year-round highway but is at rare occasions closed for short periods during heavy winter weather conditions.
Here we find the natural habitat for many rare plants and animals. It became a national park in several stages starting in 1911, when some plants were put under protection.
When the railroad was built from Oslo to Trondheim in 1921, one of the marshes was preserved. Fokstumyra is the oldest nature protection area in Norway. Protected since 1923, reservation since 1969.
 In 1974, parts of the range became a national park and the park was extensively enlarged in 2002. Together with Rondane, it has Norway and Europe's last stock of wild reindeer of Beringian origin. Dovrefjell (west of E6/Dovrebanen) also has a stock of musk oxen, imported from East-Greenland in 1932.
The Dovrefjell area has now been almost entirely protected as two national parks:
Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park, founded 2002, which encompasses the previous and much smaller Dovre National Park, founded 2003, connecting the protected areas in the Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park with Rondane National Park. Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National park is now (2011) 1693 square kilometers!
The highest mountain in the region is Snøhetta at 2,286 meters above sea level. The range provides cross-country skiing and hiking opportunities. The river Driva, running north through the municipality of Oppdal, has its source in the Dovrefjell range. 
Rondane is a typical high mountain area, with large plateaus and a total of ten peaks above 2,000 m (6,560 ft). The highest point is Rondslottet ("The Rondane Castle") at an altitude of 2,178 m (7,146 ft). The lowest point is just below the tree line, which is approximately 1,000 to 1,100 m (about 3,300 to 3,600 ft) above sea level. The climate is mild but relatively arid. Apart from the White Birch trees of the lower areas, the soil and rocks are covered by heather and lichen, since they lack nutrients. The largest mountains are almost entirely barren; above 1,500 m (5,000 ft) nothing but the hardiest lichens grow on the bare stones.
The mountains are divided by marked valleys through the landscape; the deepest valley is filled by Rondvatnet, a narrow lake filling the steep space between the large Storronden-Rondslottet part and Smiubelgen ("The blacksmith's bellows"). The central massif is also cut by "botns": flat, dead stone valleys below the steep mountain walls of the peaks. Generally, Rondane does not receive enough precipitation to generate persistent glaciers, but glacier-like heaps of snow can be found in the flat back valleys.
The centre of the National Park is the Rondvatnet lake, from which all the peaks beyond 2,000 m (6,560 ft) of altitude can be reached in less than one day's walk. In this central region and north of it, the altitude is quite high compared with the flatter plateaus of the south. Rondane has ten peaks over 2,000 m, Rondslottet (2,178 m), Storronden (2,138 m), Høgronden (2,114 m), Midtronden western summit (2,060 m), Vinjeronden (2,044 m), Midtronden eastern summit (2,042 m), Trolltinden (2,018 m), Storsmeden (2,016 m), Digerronden (2,015 m), and Veslesmeden (2,015 m).
In many parts of the park, there are spread-out holes (kettle holes) created by small remains of ice age glaciers, and peculiar small hills called "eskers" made by ground moraine released by melting glaciers.
Trollheimen is a mountain range in Møre og Romsdal and Sør-Trøndelagcounties in central Norway. The mountain range is part of the Scandinavian Mountains.
The name ('the home of the trolls') was proposed by Håkon Løken and used by Trondhjems Turistforening in the 1880s, and is considered a "tourist name" (there was no single name for the entire area before).
Trollheimen is now the common name in Norway for this mountain range. Trollheimen is often considered the most varied of all mountain ranges in Norway for several reasons. The mountains in the western part are alpine in form, with pointed peaks and typical river valleys. The mountains in the east are less steep with more rounded shapes predominating, and the valleys are wider and bear the mark of being created by glaciers. The climate differs from the more oceanic climate in the west to a considerably drier, continental climate in the eastern valleys, due to their being sheltered by mountains.
The valleys in Trollheimen are at an altitude of only about 500 - 800 m (1,600 - 2,600 ft) and are usually forested, and many are used as pastures (No: Seterdrift). There are also several large lakes, like Gjevilvatnet in the east, near Oppdal, and Gråsjøen and Foldsjøen in the northern part.
The highest peaks are in the southwestern part: Trolla (1,850 m), Dronningkrona (1,816 m, 5,958 ft), Kongskrona (1,818 m, 5,965 ft), Såtbakkollen (1,840 m, 6,037 ft), Storsomrungnebba (1,799 m, 5,902 ft). In the northern and eastern part, the highest are Snota (1,668 m, 5,72 ft), Trollhetta (1,616 m, 5,302 ft) and Blåhø (1,671 m, 5,482 ft). In the southeast there is Kråkvasstind   (1,700 m,  5,577 ft).
Trollheimen is known by botanists for the diverse alpine flora, due to nutritient-rich soil and the varied climate within the mountain range. One of the rare alpine plants in Trollheimen is Artemisia norvegica. Approximately 1,160 km² of this area is declared a nature reserve. In the midst of the area is the Svartåmoen forest reserve, with undisturbed pine forest, mixed with birch. Innerdalen, in the western part, was Norway's first nature reserve, and is often described as the most beautiful valley in Norway. 
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